About us

We are the group of Alpine Guides and Volcanology of the Campania Region in possession of regular qualification assigned to the Permanent Vulcan Vesuvius Presidium, established by Law 11/86.

The Alpine and Volcanological Guides are the only qualified figures (law 6/89) to carry out the teaching and support activities on the volcanoes. Our services are certified by the professional qualification and by the enrollment to the Regional College of Alpine and Volcanological Guides of Campania, as well as by the attendance of courses of continuous updates in order to maintain the quality of the work performed at levels of excellence.

Storia eruttiva del Vesuvio

L'attività vulcanica nell' area del Somma-Vesuvio risale ad almeno 400.000 anni fa, età di alcune lave trovate in perforazioni profonde 1.345 m. La storia dell'apparato vulcanico Somma-Vesuvio è iniziata circa 25.000 anni fa di seguito le eruzioni più conosciute
  • 24 August 79 AD
  • April 4-21, 1906
  • December 16, 1631
  • March 18, 1944

Pompeii eruption of 79 AD

On August 24 the year AD 79 Vesuvius returned to activity after a period of quiet probably lasting about eight centuries, pouring on the surrounding areas, in little more than thirty hours, about 4 Km3 of magma in the form of pumice and ash. The eruption began around one in the afternoon of 24 August with the opening of the conduit following a series of explosions resulting from the immediate volatilization of surface water that came into contact with the rising magma. Subsequently, a column of gas, ashes, pumice and lithic fragments rose about 15 km above the volcano.

Vesuvius eruption of 1906

It is the morning of April 4, 1906, about 5.30 am, a small lava flow begins to escape from a mouth at an altitude of 1.200 m on the southern side of Vesuvius. Giuseppe Mercalli is on the top of the volcano and observes worried radial fractures affected by fumaroles that have been generated just above the mouth. The Strombolian activity of Vesuvius had increased significantly since mid-March and the earthquakes were increasingly frequent and intense. The scientist suspects that all these signs are premonitory of an explosive eruption now imminent. And his suspicion is proven to be founded. This is the beginning of the largest eruption of Vesuvius in the 20th century which will last for a good 16 days.

Vesuvius eruption of 1631

The eruption, preceded by macroscopic precursor phenomena such as earthquakes and soil deformations, began at 7 am on December 16th, following the opening of a fracture in the south-western flank of the volcano, with the formation of an eruptive column that reached a height between 13 and 19 km. In the night between December 16th and 17th, and in the afternoon of the 17th, there was the formation of lahars and rapid mudslides, caused by abundant rainfall, both along the sides of the volcano and in the plains to the north and north-east. The eruption lasted only 48 hours and the explosive phases, responsible for the formation of the pyroclastic flows, determined the partial destruction of the cone of the Vesuvius that dropped by more than 450 m.

Vesuvius eruption of 1944

This eruption is considered as the term of an eruptive period that began in 1913. Strombolian activity began to form a scoria cone within the crater that had reached, in March of '44, a height of 100 m. , bringing the height of the volcano to 1260 m. The 1944 eruption, described in detail by Giuseppe Imbò, then director of the Vesuvius Observatory, was preceded by clear warning signs starting from 13 March, when the collapse cone inside the crater had collapsed. The eruption began on 18 March with an increase in Strombolian activity and with small lava flows on the eastern and southern sides. Immediately after another lava flow poured into the Atrium of the Horse and stopped 1.2 km from Cercola, after invading and partially destroying the settlements of Massa di Somma and S. Sebastiano. On the afternoon of March 21st, the second phase of the eruption characterized by lava fountains began, which determined the arrest of the lava supply.

Perché fare un escursione sul vesuvio?


Le nostre guide specializzate

Il Collegio Regionale delle Guide Alpine e Vulcanologiche della Regione Campania è un Ente Pubblico a Carattere territoriale istituito con Legge dello Stato n. 6 del 2/1/1989.

La legge quadro disciplina le professioni di montagna in materia di aggiornamenti professionali, diritti, doveri, sanzioni previste per le guide, nonchè l'esercizio abusivo della professione.

Parlato Armando


Parlato Delfino


Parlato Stefano


Pierro Alessandra